Scope and Sequence

 

GEMS

Scope and Sequence

GEMS Volume

 

Oklahoma ELA Standards

Prepositional

Phrases

  • Identify a preposition within a given sentence

Volume I: Parts of Speech

GEMS Supplement

6.5.R.2

  • Identify a prepositional phrase within a given sentence

Volume I: Parts of Speech

6.5.R.2

  • Distinguish between prepositional phrases and infinitive phrases

Volume I: Parts of Speech

6.5.R.2

Pronouns

  •  Identify a pronoun within a given sentence

Volume I: Parts of Speech

GEMS Supplement

6.5.R.2

7.5.R.2

8.5.R.2

  • Identify the type of pronoun within a given sentence

Volume I: Parts of Speech

6.5.R.2

7.5.R.2

8.5.R.2

Conjunctions

  •  Identify a conjunction within a given sentence

  •  

Volume I: Parts of Speech

GEMS Supplement

6.5.R.2

7.5.R.2

8.5.R.2

  • Distinguish between coordinating, correlative, and subordinating conjunctions

Volume I: Parts of Speech

6.5.R.2

7.5.R.2

8.5.R.2

Nouns

  • Identify a noun within a given sentence

Volume I: Parts of Speech

GEMS Supplement

6.5.R.2

7.5.R.2

8.5.R.2

9-12.5.R.2

  • Classify nouns

Volume I: Parts of Speech

6.5.R.2

7.5.R.2

8.5.R.2

9-12.5.R.2

Adjectives

  •  Identify adjectives within a given sentence

Volume I: Parts of Speech

GEMS Supplement

6.5.R.2

  • Tell the three things adjectives answer

Volume I: Parts of Speech

6.5.R.2

Verbs

  • Identify verbs and verb phrases within a given sentence

Volume I: Parts of Speech

GEMS Supplement

9-12.5.R.2

  • Distinguish between the three types of verbs

Volume I: Parts of Speech

9-12.5.R.2

 Adverbs

  •   Identify an adverb within a given sentence

Volume I: Parts of Speech

GEMS Supplement

6.5.R.2

7.5.R.2

8.5.R.2

Interjections

  •  Identify an interjection within a given sentence

Volume I: Parts of Speech

GEMS Supplement

6.5.R.2

7.5.R.2

8.5.R.2

Subject and Predicate

  •  Identify the subject and predicate within a given sentence

Volume II: Parts of a Sentence and Sentence Structure

6.5.R.2

Complements

  • Identify the direct object within a given sentence.

Volume II: Parts of a Sentence and Sentence Structure

  • Identify the indirect object within a given sentence.

Volume II: Parts of a Sentence and Sentence Structure

  • Identify the objective complement within a given sentence.

Volume II: Parts of a Sentence and Sentence Structure

  • Identify the predicate nominative within a given sentence.

Volume II: Parts of a Sentence and Sentence Structure

  • Identify the predicate adjective within a given sentence.

Volume II: Parts of a Sentence and Sentence Structure

Pronoun Case

  • Classify personal pronouns as possessive, nominative or objective case

Volume II: Parts of a Sentence and Sentence Structure

  • Choose the correct case of pronouns within a given sentence

Volume II: Parts of a Sentence and Sentence Structure

Agreement

  • Make pronouns and antecedents agree in number and gender.

Volume II: Parts of a Sentence and Sentence Structure

6.5.W.3

7.5.W.3

  • Make subjects and verbs agree in number.

Volume II: Parts of a Sentence and Sentence Structure

6.5.R.2

7.5.R.2

Clauses 

  • Identify an independent clause.

Volume II: Parts of a Sentence and Sentence Structure

10.5.R.1

11-12.5.R.1

  • Identify an subordinate clause.

Volume II: Parts of a Sentence and Sentence Structure

10.5.R.1

11-12.5.R.1

Sentence Structure

  • Identify a simple, compound, complex, and compound complex sentence.

Volume II: Parts of a Sentence and Sentence Structure

Volume III: The Expository Essay

6.5.R.1

7.5.R.1

  • Identify a sentence fragment.

Volume II: Parts of a Sentence and Sentence Structure

Volume III: The Expository Essay

  • Identify a run-on sentence. 

Volume II: Parts of a Sentence and Sentence Structure

Volume III: The Expository Essay

6.5.W.3

7.5.W.3

  • Punctuate all sentences correctly.

Volume II: Parts of a Sentence and Sentence Structure

Volume III: The Expository Essay

7-8.5.W.1

Verbal Phrases

  • Identify gerunds and gerund phrases.

Volume II: Parts of a Sentence and Sentence Structure

7.5.R.2

8.5.R.2

10.5.R.1

11-12.5.R.1

9-12.5.R.2

  • Identify infinitives and infinitive phrases

Volume II: Parts of a Sentence and Sentence Structure

10.5.R.1

8.5.R.2

11-12.5.R.1

9-12.5.R.2

  • Identify split infinitives

Volume II: Parts of a Sentence and Sentence Structure

8.5.R.2

10.5.R.1

11-12.5.R.1

9-12.5.R.2

  • Identify participles and participial phrases.

Volume II: Parts of a Sentence and Sentence Structure

8.5.R.1

8.5.R.2

10.5.R.1

11-12.5.R.1

9-12.5.R.2

Verb Tense and Voice

  • Identify verb tense.

Volume II: Parts of a Sentence and Sentence Structure

6.5.R.2

6.5.W.3

7.5.W.3

  • Identify active voice

Volume II: Parts of a Sentence and Sentence Structure

Volume III: The Expository Essay

8.5.R.1

9.5.R.1

10.5.R.1

11-12.5.R.1

  • Identify passive voice

Volume II: Parts of a Sentence and Sentence Structure

Volume III: The Expository Essay

8.5.R.1

9.5.R.1

10.5.R.1

11-12.5.R.1

The Expository Essay

  • The writing process, idea generation, organization

Volume III: The Expository Essay

9-12.6.W.4

  • Outline an essay

Volume III: The Expository Essay

 

  • Write an introduction for an essay.

Volume III: The Expository Essay

6.5.W.1

7-8.5.W.1

6-7.5.W.2

  • Write a thesis statement.

Volume III: The Expository Essay

6-7.5.W.2

  • Write the body of an essay.

Volume III: The Expository Essay

6.5.W.1

6-7.5.W.2

7-8.5.W.1

  • Write the conclusion of an essay.

Volume III: The Expository Essay

6.5.W.1

6-7.5.W.2

7-8.5.W.1

  • Write in third person.

Volume III: The Expository Essay

6.5.W.3

8.5.W.3

  • Vary the sentence structure.

Volume III: The Expository Essay

6.5.W.1

7-8.5.W.1

  • Use action verbs.

Volume III: The Expository Essay

6-8.4.W.2

9-12.4.W.2

  • Write in a consistent verb tense.

Volume III: The Expository Essay

6.5.W.3

7.5.W.3

  • Write in active voice.

Volume III: The Expository Essay

8.5.R.1

9.5.R.1

10.5.R.1

9.5.W.1

10.5.W.1

  • Write formally.

Volume III: The Expository Essay

8.5.W.3

  • Edit essay to add variety to writing

Volume III: The Expository Essay

6-7.5.W.2

8.5.W.2

9-10.5.W.2

11-12.5.W.1

  • Edit essay for mechanical errors.

Volume III: The Expository Essay

  • Edit essay for structural errors.

Volume III: The Expository Essay

  • Edit essay for grammatical errors.

Volume III: The Expository Essay

Editing Exercises -

 Grades 6-12

Capitalization

Capitalize....

  • the first word in a sentence.

*Editing Exercises

 

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

  • the first letter of an introduced quote or direct quotation.

Editing Exercises

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

  • the interjection O and the pronoun I.

Editing Exercises

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

  • proper nouns and adjectives.

Editing Exercises

6.5.R.2

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

  • names.

Editing Exercises

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

  • titles when used in place of a person's name.

Editing Exercises

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

  • groups of humanity.

Editing Exercises

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

  • places

Editing Exercises

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

  • names of buildings.

Editing Exercises

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

  • Scientific terms

Editing Exercises

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

  • the names of nationalities, races, and religions.

Editing Exercises

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

  • names of things

Editing Exercises

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

  • time names.

Editing Exercises

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

 

  • the brand names of business products.

Editing Exercises

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

 

  • seasons

Editing Exercises

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

 

  • the names of historical events and periods, special events, and calendar items

Editing Exercises

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

 

  • words referring to the Deity.

Editing Exercises

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

 

  • titles of works

Editing Exercises

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

 

  • the first word and all-important words in titles of books, periodicals, poems, stories, articles, documents, movies, paintings, and other works of art.

Editing Exercises

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

 

  • the words of a, an, and the at the beginning of a title. 

Editing Exercises

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

 

  • acronyms

Editing Exercises

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

 

  • geographical names

Editing Exercises

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

 

  • a title used alone or following a person's name only if it refers to a high government official or someone else to whom you wish to show special respect. 

Editing Exercises

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

 

  • directions when they refer to recognized sections of the country.

Editing Exercises

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

 

  • the title of a person when it comes before a name. 

Editing Exercises

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

 

  • the names of ships, plans, monuments, awards, and any other particular places, things, or events.

Editing Exercises

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

 

  • names of places.

Editing Exercises

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

 

  • a title used alone or following a person’s name only if it refers to a high government official or someone else to whom you wish to show special respect.

Editing Exercises

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

 

  • the word president when referring to the head of a nation.

Editing Exercises

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

 

  • a word showing family relationship when used with a person's name but not when preceded by a possessive.

Editing Exercises

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

 

Do not capitalize

  • the names of school subjects, except the languages and course names followed by a number.

Editing Exercises

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

 

  • school classes - freshman, sophomore, junior, senior.

Editing Exercises

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

 

  • the word god when referring to ancient mythology.

Editing Exercises

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

 

  • directions (north, south, east, and west) when they indicate directions.

Editing Exercises

10.5.W.3

11-12.5.W.2

6-10.5.W.4 / 11-12.5.W.3

 

Punctuation

    End Punctuation

    • Use proper end punctuation.

    Editing Exercises

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

    6-12.5.W.5 / 11-12.5.W.4

     

    • End an abbreviation with a period.

    Editing Exercises

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

    6-12.5.W.5 / 11-12.5.W.4

     

    • End a question with a question mark.

    Editing Exercises

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

    6-12.5.W.5 / 11-12.5.W.4

     

    • End an exclamation with an exclamation mark.

    Editing Exercises

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

    6-12.5.W.5 / 11-12.5.W.4

     

    Introductory Punctuation

    • Set off introductory interjections with a comma.

    Editing Exercises

    6.5.W.7

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

    10.5.W.7 / 11-12.5.W.6

     

    • Set off introductory words such as well, yes, no, why with a comma.

    Editing Exercises

    6.5.W.7

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

    10.5.W.7 / 11-12.5.W.6

     

    • Set off an introductory participial phrase.

    Editing Exercises

    6.5.W.7

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

    10.5.W.7 / 11-12.5.W.6

     

    • Use a comma after an introductory subordinate clause

    Editing Exercises

     

    6.5.W.7

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

    10.5.W.7 / 11-12.5.W.6

     

    • Use a comma after a series of introductory prepositional phrases

    Editing Exercises

    6.5.W.7

    7.5.W.7

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

    10.5.W.7 / 11-12.5.W.6

     

    Commas

     

    • Use a comma to separate items in a series.

    Editing Exercises

    7.5.W.7

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

    10.5.W.7 / 11-12.5.W.6

     

    • Use a comma to separate two or more adjectives preceding a noun.

    Editing Exercises

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

    10.5.W.7 / 11-12.5.W.6

     

    • Do not use a comma before the final adjective in a series if the adjective is thought of as part of the noun.

    Editing Exercises

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

    10.5.W.7 / 11-12.5.W.6

     

    • If one of the words in a series modifies another word in the series, do not separate them by a comma.

    Editing Exercises

    7.5.W.7

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

    10.5.W.7 / 11-12.5.W.6

     

    • Use a comma to separate items in dates and addresses.

    Editing Exercises

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

    10.5.W.7 / 11-12.5.W.6

     

    • Use a comma after the salutation of a friendly letter and after the closing of any letter.

    Editing Exercises

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

    10.5.W.7 / 11-12.5.W.6

     

    • Use a comma after a name followed by Jr., Sr., Ph.D.

    Editing Exercises

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

    10.5.W.7 / 11-12.5.W.6

     

    • Essential subordinate clauses at the end of the sentence do not need to be set off with commas.  

    Editing Exercises

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

    6.5.W.7

    10.5.W.7 / 11-12.5.W.6

     

    • Use a comma before a coordinating conjunction to join two independent clauses.

    Editing Exercises

    Volume II

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

    10.5.W.7 / 11-12.5.W.6

    • Use commas to set off expressions that interrupt the sentence

    Editing Exercises

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

    10.5.W.7 / 11-12.5.W.6

     

    • Use commas to set off words used in direct address.

    Editing Exercises

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

    6.5.W.7

    10.5.W.7 / 11-12.5.W.6

     

    • Use a comma to set off a nonessential clause or nonessential participial phrase

    Editing Exercises

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

    10.5.W.7 / 11-12.5.W.6

     

    • Use a comma to set off parenthetical expressions

    Editing Exercises

    9.5.W.7

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

    10.5.W.7 / 11-12.5.W.6

     

    Quotation Marks

     

    • Use quotation marks to enclose a direct quotation

    Editing Exercises

    6-7.5.W.9

    8.5.W.9

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

     

    • Use single quotation marks to enclose a quotation within a quotation.

    Editing Exercises

    6-7.5.W.9

    8.5.W.9

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

     

    • Place question marks and exclamation points inside the closing quotation marks if the quotation is a question or an exclamation; otherwise, they are placed outside.

    Editing Exercises

    6-7.5.W.9

    8.5.W.9

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

     

    • Use quotation marks to enclose titles of chapters, articles, short stories, poems. songs, and other parts of books and periodicals. 

    Editing Exercises

     

    6-7.5.W.9

    8.5.W.9

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

     

    • Use quotation marks to enclose slang words, technical terms, and other expressions that are unusual in standard English.

    Editing Exercises

    8.5.W.9

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

    • Place semicolons and colons outside the closing quotation marks. 

    Editing Exercises

    8.5.W.9

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

     

    Hyphens and Dashes

     

    • Hyphenate spelled out two-word numbers from twenty-one to ninety-nine.

    Editing Exercises

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

     

    • Use a dash to set off explanations, qualifications, examples, definitions, and appositives.

    Editing Exercises

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

     

    • Use a dash to indicate an abrupt break in thought.

    Editing Exercises

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

     

    • Use a dash to mean namely, in other words, that is, etc. before an explanation.

    Editing Exercises

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

     

    • Use a dash to mark a hesitation or an unfinished thought.

    Editing Exercises

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

     

    Colons

     

    • Use a colon between the hour and the minute when you write the time.

    Editing Exercises

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

     

    • Use a colon between chapter and verse in referring to passages from the Bible.

    Editing Exercises

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

     

    • Use a colon after the Salutation in a business letter.

    Editing Exercises

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

     

    • Use a colon to mean "note what follows."

    Editing Exercises

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

     

    • Use a colon to separate a title from a subtitle.

    Editing Exercises

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

     

    • Do not use colons between verbs and complements or between prepositions and objects of prepositions.

    Editing Exercises

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

     

    Semicolon

    • Use a semicolon to join two independent clauses.

    Editing Exercises

    Volume II

    6.5.W.11

    7-8.5.W.11

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

    9-10.5.W.11 / 11-12.5.W.10

    • Use a semicolon, comma, and conjunctive adverb to join two independent clauses.

    Editing Exercises

    Volume II

    6.5.W.11

    7-8.5.W.11

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

    9-10.5.W.11 / 11-12.5.W.10

    • Use a semicolon between items in a series if the items contain commas

    Editing Exercises

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

    9-10.5.W.11 / 11-12.5.W.10

     

    Italics

     

    • Italicize titles of works

    Editing Exercises

    6.5.W.10

    7-8.5.W.10 S

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

    9-10.5.W.10 / 11-12.5.W.9

     

    Parentheses

     

    • Use parentheses to enclose incidental explanatory matter which is added to a sentence but is not considered of major importance.

    Editing Exercises

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

     

    • When one set of parentheses fall inside another, use brackets in place of the inner set.

    Editing Exercises

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

     

    Numerals

     

    • Avoid using numbers to begin sentences

    Editing Exercises

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

     

    Apostrophes

     

    • Form a possessive of a singular noun by adding an apostrophe and and s.

    Editing Exercises

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

    6-12.5.W.6 / 11-12.5.W.5

     

    • Add an apostrophe to a plural word ending in s to form the possessive case.

    Editing Exercises

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

    6-12.5.W.6 / 11-12.5.W.5

     

    • Use an apostrophe to show  where letters or numbers have been omitted.

     

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

    6-12.5.W.6 / 11-12.5.W.5

    Use Correct Words

    • Use correct words (are/our).

    Editing Exercises

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

    • Use the correct word (affect/effect).

    Editing Exercises

    10.5.W.3

    11-12.5.W.2

     

    Sentences

    • Identify and correct run-on sentences

    Editing Exercises

    Volume II

    6.5.W.3

    7.5.W.3

     

    • Identify and correct sentence fragments.

    Editing Exercises

    Volume II

    Volume III

    • Ensure the subject and verbs agree in number. 

    Editing Exercises

    Volume II

    Volume III

    6.5.R.2

    • Rewrite wordy sentences.

    Editing Exercises

    Volume III

    • Coordinate and subordinate a clause.

    Editing Exercises

    Volume II

    Volume III

    • Avoid redundancy in writing.

    Editing Exercises

     

    • Keep words, phrases, and clauses parallel in writing.

    Editing Exercises

    9.5.R.1

    9.5.W.1

    10.5.R.1

    10.5.W.1

    11-12.5.R.1

    Vocabulary Grades 5-12

    • define words

    Vocabulary for All Ages

    6-8.4.R.4

    9-12.4.R.4

    • parts of speech

    Vocabulary for All Ages

    6-8.4.R.4

    9-12.4.R.4

     

    • find synonyms and antonyms

    Vocabulary for All Ages

    6-12.4.R.1

    • translation

    Vocabulary for All Ages

     

    • Sentence from context

    Vocabulary for All Ages

    6-12.4.R.2

    • use word in a sentence

    Vocabulary for All Ages

    6-8.4.W.1

    9-12.4.W.1

    • define negatively

    Vocabulary for All Ages

     

    • Define root word and 

    Vocabulary for All Ages

    6.4.R.3,

    7-8.4.R.3

    9-12.4.R.3

    • Define prefix

    Vocabulary for All Ages

    6.4.R.3,

    7-8.4.R.3

    9-12.4.R.3

    • Define suffix

    Vocabulary for All Ages

    6.4.R.3,

    7-8.4.R.3

    9-12.4.R.3

     

    • write words from word family

    Vocabulary for All Ages

    6.4.R.3,

    7-8.4.R.3

    9-12.4.R.3

     

    • draw/paste a picture

    Vocabulary for All Ages

     

    • identify commonly confused words

    Vocabulary for All Ages

     

    • List collocation

    Vocabulary for All Ages

     

    Independent Reading

    Grades 7-12

    GEMS Supplement

    6-8.8.R

    9-12.8.R

    Independent Writing

    Gems Supplement

    6.8.W

    7-8.8.W

    9-12.8.W